Lesson 4


What makes the topic of large predators a learning opportunity for ESD?

The conservation of habitats and the sustainable use of natural resources are of great importance for the conservation of wildlife. Illegal hunting and habitat loss due to heavy infrastructure and dense population, intensive agriculture and human leisure activities in nature are factors that can threaten species. Nevertheless, habitat loss is only one of the factors threatening wildlife. The reasons behind loss of biodiversity are complex and comprise social, economic and ecological dimensions.


In the case of endangered predators, different perspectives lead to a dilemma when it comes to decision-making, where those affected have to choose between the protection of the animal species, economic interests and possibly subjective feelings of security. Such situations represent a potential for conflict, as human interests in land use stand in opposition to the preservation of the species. The return and presence of major predators serves as a good example to illustrate nature conservation guidelines such as Natura 2000 (a pan-European network of areas for the preservation of species and habitats) and raise awareness of various environmental issues - including the EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020.


Consider how you can tackle the different perspectives with your learning group (e.g. which methods are suitable?)

Create a mind map and upload it to the project's online workshop.